Program Description: Neutrinos are among the most abundant particles in the universe, a billion times more abundant than the particles that make up stars, planets and people. Though a trillion naturally occurring neutrinos from the sun and other bodies in the galaxy pass through us each second, they interact so rarely with other particles that they are very difficult to detect. In order to study such particles, scientists need to create an intense beam of them and send them continuously through a large detector for long periods of time. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, which manages the NOvA project, will generate a beam of neutrinos to send to a 14,000-ton detector in Ash River, Minnesota. The particles will complete the 500-mile interstate trip in less than three milliseconds. Because neutrinos rarely interact with other matter, they travel straight through the Earth without a tunnel. Scientists will detect a small fraction of the neutrinos in a near-detector at Fermilab and in a larger far-detector in Minnesota looking for signals that the neutrinos are changing from one type to another on their trip. The experiment will begin taking data in 2013 and construction was completed in summer 2014. The first run will last six years.
Year Started: 2013.
Organization Description: The NOvA collaboration is made up of 180 scientists and engineers from 28 institutions from the US and other countries such as Greece, India, China, Czechoslovakia, Brazil, Russia, and the UK.
Data Description: N/A
Project Type: Instrument
Project Domains: Math and Physical Sciences
No budget information
Federal Funding: DOE
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