Program Description: The International Space Station is not only an orbiting laboratory, but also a space port for a variety of international spacecraft. NASA Mission Directorates include Aeronautics Research, Human Exploration of Space, Earth and Solar System, and Space Technology. The space station, including its large solar arrays, spans the area of a U.S. football field and weighs 924,739 pounds, not including visiting vehicles. Approximately 2.3 million lines of code and 52 computers control the system on the ISS. Eight miles of wire connects the electrical systems.
Organization Description: NASA, the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), European Space Agency (ESA), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and several European country agencies. The International Space Station (ISS) is international partnership of space agencies that provides and operates the elements of the ISS. Each partner has the primary responsibility to manage and run the hardware it provides.
Data Description: Current communications rely on radio frequencies, but optical communications from space is an emerging technology; NASA has successfully beamed high-definition video via laser from space to ground in 2014. The 175-megabit video transmission was the first of its kind for the Optical Payload for Lasercomm Science (OPALS); the transfer occurred in less than 2 minutes
Project Type: Collaboration
Project Domains: Geosciences
Budget: 45 Billion US
Federal Funding: NASA
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